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Ecology and Conservation

Dr Alex Hayward

Dr Alex Hayward

BBSRC David Phillips Fellow

 Alex.Hayward@exeter.ac.uk

 01326 259147

 Stella Turk Building Office 12 (B046-123)

 

University of Exeter, Penryn Campus, Penryn, TR10 9FE


Overview

I am fascinated by biodiversity and the forces that structure it. A large proportion of species are parasitic, and a strong focus of my research is on host-parasite interactions. Key topics concern antagonistic coevolution, the factors that influence host specificity, and the assembly of ecological communities. For this, I examine a wide range of systems from across taxonomic diversity, including arthropods, helminth worms, viruses, and transposable elements. Please click the ‘Research’ link in the menu above for further details.

Lab webpage: https://www.jumppinggenes.org

Qualifications

2007 PhD University of Edinburgh
2001 MSc Imperial College,
2000 BSc University of Birmingham

Research group links

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Research

Research interests

Evolutionary significance of transposable elements

Since the onset of the genomics era, it has become apparent that transposons comprise large proportions of many eukaryote genomes, and have made great contributions to host genomic complexity. By harnessing the untapped potential of massive genomic datasets, we can now address fundamental unanswered questions relating to the significance of transposons, including: their impact on host evolution via contribution of coding and regulatory sequences, their influence on major evolutionary processes such as speciation, and the evolutionary dynamics that underpin transposon proliferation.

Host-retrovirus coevolution

Retroviruses have left a rich ‘genomic fossil record’ in vertebrate genomes in the form of endogenous retroviruses (ERVs). This represents a rare opportunity to explore host-pathogen interactions over evolutionary timescales. Key questions include examining the evolution of host generalism verses host specialism, identifying key determinants of infectivity, and resolving the early evolution of retroviruses.

Determinants of parasite load

The abundance and diversity of parasites that infect hosts often varies considerably, even among closely related host species. A major unanswered question concerns the role that host traits play in determining parasite load.

Evolution and structure of ecological communities

Ecological communities are complex entities that vary across time and space. The extent to which communities move and persist as single units, verses assembly via recruitment of members from disparate origins, represents an open question. Furthermore, the role played by lower trophic levels in structuring higher trophic levels remains unclear.

Invertebrate developmental genomics

Over 60% of described animal species undergo metamorphosis, many of which are invertebrate taxa. Yet, much remains to be understood regarding both the significance of metamorphosis and its molecular bases. Genomic methods present a powerful means of examining the evolution of invertebrate development more generally.

Research grants

  • 2023 BBSRC
    BBSRC responsive model grant (BB/X006395/1)
  • 2016 BBSRC
    BBSRC David Phillips Fellowship (BB/N020146/1)

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Publications

Journal articles

Hayward A, Baril T (In Press). A draft genome sequence of the elusive giant squid, Architeuthis dux. GigaScience
Dupeyron M, Singh K, Bass C, Hayward A (In Press). Evolution of Mutator transposable elements across eukaryotic diversity. Mobile DNA
Hayward A, Kolm N, Kotrschal A, Løvlie H, Cornwallis CK, Zidar J, Buechel SD, Tsuboi M (In Press). Evolutionary associations between host traits and parasite load: insights from Lake Tanganyika cichlids. Journal of Evolutionary Biology
Baril T, Hayward A (In Press). Migrators Within Migrators: Exploring Transposable Element Dynamics in the Monarch Butterfly, Danaus plexippus. Mobile DNA Abstract.
Hayward A (In Press). Origin of the Retroviruses: when, where, and how?. Current Opinion in Virology Abstract.
Mackintosh A, Laetsch D, Hayward A, Charlesworth B, Waterfall M, Vila R, Lohse K (In Press). The determinants of genetic diversity in butterflies. Nature Communications
David G, Bertolotti A, Layer R, Scofield D, Hayward A, Baril T, Burnett HA, Gudmunds E, Jensen H, Husby A, et al (2024). Calling Structural Variants with Confidence from Short-Read Data in Wild Bird Populations. Genome Biology and Evolution, 16(4). Abstract.
Baril T, Galbraith J, Hayward A (2024). Earl Grey: a Fully Automated User-Friendly Transposable Element Annotation and Analysis Pipeline. Mol Biol Evol, 41(4). Abstract.  Author URL.
Lohse K, Vila R, Hayward A (2024). The genome sequence of the Lulworth Skipper, Thymelicus acteon (Rottemburg, 1775). Wellcome Open Research, 9
Brekke TD, Papadopulos AST, Julià E, Fornas O, Fu B, Yang F, de la Fuente R, Page J, Baril T, Hayward A, et al (2023). A New Chromosome-Assigned Mongolian Gerbil Genome Allows Characterization of Complete Centromeres and a Fully Heterochromatic Chromosome. Mol Biol Evol, 40(5). Abstract.  Author URL.
Mackintosh A, Vila R, Laetsch DR, Hayward A, Martin SH, Lohse K (2023). Chromosome Fissions and Fusions Act as Barriers to Gene Flow between Brenthis Fritillary Butterflies. Mol Biol Evol, 40(3). Abstract.  Author URL.
Lee IHT, Nong W, So WL, Cheung CKH, Xie Y, Baril T, Yip HY, Swale T, Chan SKF, Wei Y, et al (2023). The genome and sex-dependent responses to temperature in the common yellow butterfly, Eurema hecabe. BMC Biol, 21(1). Abstract.  Author URL.
Hayward A, Lohse K, Vila R, Laetsch DR, Hedlund JSU, programme WSITOL, collective WSISODP, collective TOLCI, Consortium DTOL (2023). The genome sequence of the Brown Argus, Aricia agestis (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775). Wellcome Open Research, 8
Vila R, Lohse K, Hayward A, Laetsch DR, Wright C, programme WSITOL, collective WSISODP, collective TOLCI, Consortium DTOL (2023). The genome sequence of the Chalkhill Blue, Lysandra coridon (Poda, 1761). Wellcome Open Research, 8
Vila R, Lohse K, Hayward A, Laetsch DR, Toro-Delgado E (2023). The genome sequence of the Dingy Skipper, Erynnis tages (Linnaeus, 1758). Wellcome Open Research, 8
Lohse K, Hayward A, Vila R, programme WSITOL, collective WSISODP, collective TOLCI, Carvalho APS, Kawahara AY, Consortium DTOL (2023). The genome sequence of the Large Skipper, Ochlodes sylvanus, (Esper, 1777). Wellcome Open Research, 8
Lohse K, Hayward A, Laetsch DR, Marques V, Vila R, Tyler-Smith C, programme WSITOL, collective WSISODP, collective TOLCI, Consortium DTOL, et al (2023). The genome sequence of the Mazarine Blue, Cyaniris semiargus (Rottemburg, 1775). Wellcome Open Research, 8
Lohse K, Vila R, Hayward A, Laetsch DR, Toro-Delgado E (2023). The genome sequence of the Silver-spotted Skipper, Hesperia comma (Linnaeus, 1758). Wellcome Open Research, 8
Galbraith JD, Hayward A (2023). The influence of transposable elements on animal colouration. Trends Genet, 39(8), 624-638. Abstract.  Author URL.
Baril T, Pym A, Bass C, Hayward A (2023). Transposon accumulation at xenobiotic gene family loci in aphids. Genome Res, 33(10), 1718-1733. Abstract.  Author URL.
Lear L, Padfield D, Dowsett T, Jones M, Kay S, Hayward A, Vos M (2022). Bacterial colonisation dynamics of household plastics in a coastal environment. Sci Total Environ, 838(Pt 4). Abstract.  Author URL.
Law STS, Nong W, So WL, Baril T, Swale T, Chan CB, Tobe SS, Kai Z-P, Bendena WG, Hayward A, et al (2022). Chromosomal-level reference genome of the moth Heortia vitessoides (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), a major pest of agarwood-producing trees. Genomics, 114(4). Abstract.  Author URL.
Nong W, Yu Y, Aase-Remedios ME, Xie Y, So WL, Li Y, Wong CF, Baril T, Law STS, Lai SY, et al (2022). Genome of the ramshorn snail Biomphalaria straminea-an obligate intermediate host of schistosomiasis. Gigascience, 11 Abstract.  Author URL.
Doyle T, Jimenez-Guri E, Hawkes WLS, Massy R, Mantica F, Permanyer J, Cozzuto L, Hermoso Pulido T, Baril T, Hayward A, et al (2022). Genome-wide transcriptomic changes reveal the genetic pathways involved in insect migration. Mol Ecol, 31(16), 4332-4350. Abstract.  Author URL.
Castledine M, Sierocinski P, Inglis M, Kay S, Hayward A, Buckling A, Padfield D (2022). Greater Phage Genotypic Diversity Constrains Arms-Race Coevolution. Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, 12
So WL, Nong W, Xie Y, Baril T, Ma H-Y, Qu Z, Haimovitz J, Swale T, Gaitan-Espitia JD, Lau KF, et al (2022). Myriapod genomes reveal ancestral horizontal gene transfer and hormonal gene loss in millipedes. Nat Commun, 13(1). Abstract.  Author URL.
Jaitly R, Ehrnsten E, Hedlund J, Cant M, Lehmann P, Hayward A (2022). The evolution of predator avoidance in cephalopods: a case of brain over brawn?. Frontiers in Marine Science, 9
Lohse K, Hayward A, Vila R, programme WSITOL, collective WSISODP, collective TOLCI, Howe C, Consortium DTOL (2022). The genome sequence of the Adonis blue, Lysandra bellargus (Rottemburg, 1775). Wellcome Open Research, 7
Lohse K, Hayward A, Laetsch DR, Vila R, Lucek K, programme WSITOL, collective WSISODP, collective TOLCI, Consortium DTOL (2022). The genome sequence of the Arran brown, Erebia ligea (Linnaeus, 1758). Wellcome Open Research, 7
Ebdon S, Mackintosh A, Lohse K, Hayward A, Arif S, Whitla R (2022). The genome sequence of the black-veined white butterfly, Aporia crataegi (Linnaeus, 1758). Wellcome Open Research, 7
Lohse K, Hayward A, Laetsch DR, Vila R, Yumnam T (2022). The genome sequence of the common yellow swallowtail, Papilio machaon (Linnaeus, 1758). Wellcome Open Research, 7
Hayward A, Vila R, Lohse K, Laetsch D, Darwin Tree of Life Barcoding collective, Wellcome Sanger Institute Tree of Life programme, Wellcome Sanger Institute Scientific Operations: DNA Pipelines collective, Tree of Life Core Informatics collective, Darwin Tree of Life Consortium (2022). The genome sequence of the grizzled skipper, Pyrgus malvae (Linnaeus, 1758). Wellcome Open Res, 7 Abstract.  Author URL.
Lohse K, Vila R, Hayward A, Laetsch DR, programme WSITOL, collective WSISODP, collective TOLCI, Wahlberg N, Consortium DTOL (2022). The genome sequence of the high brown fritillary, Fabriciana adippe (Dennis & Schiffermüller, 1775). Wellcome Open Research, 7
Mackintosh A, Laetsch DR, Baril T, Foster RG, Dincă V, Vila R, Hayward A, Lohse K (2022). The genome sequence of the lesser marbled fritillary, Brenthis ino, and evidence for a segregating neo-Z chromosome. G3 (Bethesda), 12(6). Abstract.  Author URL.
Vila R, Lohse K, Hayward A, Laetsch D, Lab NHMGA, collective DTOLB, programme WSITOL, collective WSISODP, collective TOLCI, Consortium DTOL, et al (2022). The genome sequence of the marbled white butterfly, Melanargia galathea (Linnaeus, 1758). Wellcome Open Research, 7
Mackintosh A, Laetsch DR, Baril T, Ebdon S, Jay P, Vila R, Hayward A, Lohse K (2022). The genome sequence of the scarce swallowtail, Iphiclides podalirius. G3 (Bethesda), 12(9). Abstract.  Author URL.
Hayward A, Lohse K, Laetsch DR, Vila R, programme WSITOL, collective WSISODP, collective TOLCI, Taluy E, Consortium DTOL (2022). The genome sequence of the silver-studded blue, Plebejus argus (Linnaeus, 1758). Wellcome Open Research, 7
Hayward A, Biscocho R (2022). The genome sequence of the small skipper, Thymelicus sylvestris (Poda, 1761). Wellcome Open Research, 7
Vila R, Lohse K, Hayward A, Laetsch DR, programme WSITOL, collective WSISODP, collective TOLCI, Wahlberg N, Consortium DTOL (2022). The genome sequence of the white admiral, Limenitis camilla (Linnaeus, 1764). Wellcome Open Research, 7
Hayward A, Gilbert C (2022). Transposable elements. Curr Biol, 32(17), R904-R909. Abstract.  Author URL.
Hayward A, Poulin R, Nakagawa S (2021). A broadscale analysis of host-symbiont cophylogeny reveals the drivers of phylogenetic congruence. ECOLOGY LETTERS, 24(8), 1681-1696.  Author URL.
Singh KS, Cordeiro EMG, Troczka BJ, Pym A, Mackisack J, Mathers TC, Duarte A, Legeai F, Robin S, Bielza P, et al (2021). Global patterns in genomic diversity underpinning the evolution of insecticide resistance in the aphid crop pest Myzus persicae. Commun Biol, 4(1). Abstract.  Author URL.
Nong W, Qu Z, Li Y, Barton-Owen T, Wong AYP, Yip HY, Lee HT, Narayana S, Baril T, Swale T, et al (2021). Horseshoe crab genomes reveal the evolution of genes and microRNAs after three rounds of whole genome duplication. Commun Biol, 4(1). Abstract.  Author URL.
Troczka BJ, Singh KS, Zimmer CT, Vontas J, Nauen R, Hayward A, Bass C (2021). Molecular innovations underlying resistance to nicotine and neonicotinoids in the aphid Myzus persicae. Pest Manag Sci, 77(12), 5311-5320. Abstract.  Author URL.
Blasco-Costa I, Hayward A, Poulin R, Balbuena JA (2021). Next-generation cophylogeny: unravelling eco-evolutionary processes. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 36(10), 907-918. Abstract.
Ebdon S, Laetsch DR, Dapporto L, Hayward A, Ritchie MG, Dincӑ V, Vila R, Lohse K (2021). The Pleistocene species pump past its prime: Evidence from European butterfly sister species. Mol Ecol, 30(14), 3575-3589. Abstract.  Author URL.
Vila R, Hayward A, Lohse K, Wright C, collective DTOLB, programme WSITOL, collective WSISODP, collective TOLCI, Consortium DTOL (2021). The genome sequence of the Glanville fritillary, Melitaea cinxia (Linnaeus, 1758). Wellcome Open Research, 6
Ebdon S, Mackintosh A, Hayward A, Wotton K, collective DTOLB, programme WSITOL, collective WSISODP, collective TOLCI, Consortium DTOL (2021). The genome sequence of the clouded yellow, Colias crocea (Geoffroy, 1785). Wellcome Open Research, 6
Hayward A, Vila R, Laetsch DR, Lohse K, Baril T (2021). The genome sequence of the heath fritillary, Melitaea athalia (Rottemburg, 1775). Wellcome Open Research, 6, 304-304. Abstract.
Hayward A, Wright C, Darwin Tree of Life Barcoding collective, Wellcome Sanger Institute Tree of Life programme, Wellcome Sanger Institute Scientific Operations: DNA Pipelines collective, Tree of Life Core Informatics collective, Darwin Tree of Life Consortium (2021). The genome sequence of the holly blue, Celastrina argiolus (Linnaeus, 1758). Wellcome Open Res, 6 Abstract.  Author URL.
Lohse K, Hayward A, Ebdon S (2021). The genome sequences of the male and female green-veined white, Pieris napi (Linnaeus, 1758). Wellcome Open Research, 6, 288-288. Abstract.
Panini M, Chiesa O, Troczka BJ, Mallott M, Manicardi GC, Cassanelli S, Cominelli F, Hayward A, Mazzoni E, Bass C, et al (2021). Transposon-mediated insertional mutagenesis unmasks recessive insecticide resistance in the aphid Myzus persicae. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 118(23). Abstract.  Author URL.
Nong W, Law STS, Wong AYP, Baril T, Swale T, Chu LM, Hayward A, Lau DTW, Hui JHL (2020). Chromosomal‐level reference genome of the incense tree <i>Aquilaria sinensis</i>. Molecular Ecology Resources, 20(4), 971-979. Abstract.
Qu Z, Nong W, Yu Y, Baril T, Yip HY, Hayward A, Hui JHL (2020). Genome of the four-finger threadfin Eleutheronema tetradactylum (Perciforms: Polynemidae). BMC Genomics, 21(1). Abstract.
Qu Z, Nong W, So WL, Barton-Owen T, Li Y, Li C, Leung TCN, Baril T, Wong AYP, Swale T, et al (2020). Millipede genomes reveal unique adaptation of genes and microRNAs during myriapod evolution. Abstract.
Qu Z, Nong W, So WL, Barton-Owen T, Li Y, Leung TCN, Li C, Baril T, Wong AYP, Swale T, et al (2020). Millipede genomes reveal unique adaptations during myriapod evolution. PLoS Biol, 18(9). Abstract.  Author URL.
Hedlund J, Ehrnsten E, Hayward C, Lehmann P, Hayward A (2020). New records of the Paleotropical migrant <i>Hemianax ephippiger</i> in the Caribbean and a review of its status in the Neotropics. International Journal of Odonatology, 23(4), 315-325.
Dupeyron M, Baril T, Bass C, Hayward A (2020). Phylogenetic analysis of the Tc1/mariner superfamily reveals the unexplored diversity of pogo-like elements. Mob DNA, 11 Abstract.  Author URL.
Li Y, Nong W, Baril T, Yip HY, Swale T, Hayward A, Ferrier DEK, Hui JHL (2020). Reconstruction of ancient homeobox gene linkages inferred from a new high-quality assembly of the Hong Kong oyster (Magallana hongkongensis) genome. BMC Genomics, 21(1). Abstract.
Singh KS, Troczka BJ, Duarte A, Balabanidou V, Trissi N, Carabajal Paladino LZ, Nguyen P, Zimmer CT, Papapostolou KM, Randall E, et al (2020). The genetic architecture of a host shift: an adaptive walk protected an aphid and its endosymbiont from plant chemical defenses. Science Advances, 6(19). Abstract.
Tsuboi M, Kotrschal A, Hayward A, Buechel SD, Zidar J, Løvlie H, Kolm N (2016). Evolution of brain-body allometry in Lake Tanganyika cichlids. Evolution, 70(7), 1559-1568.
Ács Z, Hayward A, Sugár L (2016). Genetic diversity and population genetics of large lungworms (Dictyocaulus, Nematoda) in wild deer in Hungary. Parasitol Res, 115(9), 3295-3312. Abstract.  Author URL.
Mcmahon DP, Hayward A (2016). Why grow up? a perspective on insect strategies to avoid metamorphosis. Ecological Entomology, 41(5), 505-515. Abstract.
Hayward A, Katzourakis A (2015). Endogenous retroviruses. Current Biology, 25(15), R644-R646.
Kenny NJ, Sin YW, Hayward A, Paps J, Chu KH, Hui JHL (2015). The phylogenetic utility and functional constraint of microRNA flanking sequences. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 282(1803), 20142983-20142983. Abstract.
Tsuboi M, Husby A, Kotrschal A, Hayward A, Buechel SD, Zidar J, Løvlie H, Kolm N (2014). Comparative support for the expensive tissue hypothesis: Big brains are correlated with smaller gut and greater parental investment in Lake Tanganyika cichlids. Evolution, 69(1), 190-200.
Erezyilmaz DF, Hayward A, Huang Y, Paps J, Acs Z, Delgado JA, Collantes F, Kathirithamby J (2014). Expression of the Pupal Determinant broad during Metamorphic and Neotenic Development of the Strepsipteran Xenos vesparum Rossi. PLoS ONE, 9(4), e93614-e93614.
Hayward A, Cornwallis CK, Jern P (2014). Pan-vertebrate comparative genomics unmasks retrovirus macroevolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(2), 464-469. Abstract.
Hayward A, Grabherr M, Jern P (2013). Broad-scale phylogenomics provides insights into retrovirus–host evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(50), 20146-20151. Abstract.
Hayward A, Ghazal A, Andersson G, Andersson L, Jern P (2013). ZBED Evolution: Repeated Utilization of DNA Transposons as Regulators of Diverse Host Functions. PLoS ONE, 8(3), e59940-e59940.
Groenen MAM, Archibald AL, Uenishi H, Tuggle CK, Takeuchi Y, Rothschild MF, Rogel-Gaillard C, Park C, Milan D, Megens H-J, et al (2012). Analyses of pig genomes provide insight into porcine demography and evolution. Nature, 491(7424), 393-398.
HAYWARD A, MCMAHON DP, KATHIRITHAMBY J (2011). Cryptic diversity and female host specificity in a parasitoid where the sexes utilize hosts from separate orders. Molecular Ecology, 20(7), 1508-1528. Abstract.
McMahon DP, Hayward A, Kathirithamby J (2011). Strepsiptera. Current Biology, 21(8), R271-R272.
McMahon DP, Hayward A, Kathirithamby J (2011). The First Molecular Phylogeny of Strepsiptera (Insecta) Reveals an Early Burst of Molecular Evolution Correlated with the Transition to Endoparasitism. PLoS ONE, 6(6), e21206-e21206.
Nicholls JA, Fuentes-Utrilla P, Hayward A, Melika G, Csóka G, Nieves-Aldrey J-L, Pujade-Villar J, Tavakoli M, Schönrogge K, Stone GN, et al (2010). Community impacts of anthropogenic disturbance: natural enemies exploit multiple routes in pursuit of invading herbivore hosts. BMC Evol Biol, 10 Abstract.  Author URL.
Hayward A, Takahashi T, Bendena WG, Tobe SS, Hui JHL (2010). Comparative genomic and phylogenetic analysis of vitellogenin and other large lipid transfer proteins in metazoans. FEBS Letters, 584(6), 1273-1278. Abstract.
Nicholls JA, Preuss S, Hayward A, Melika G, Csóka G, Nieves-Aldrey J-L, Askew RR, Tavakoli M, Schönrogge K, Stone GN, et al (2010). Concordant phylogeography and cryptic speciation in two Western Palaearctic oak gall parasitoid species complexes. Mol Ecol, 19(3), 592-609. Abstract.  Author URL.
HAYWARD A (2010). Cryptic diversity and patterns of host specificity in trematode flatworms. Molecular Ecology, 19(13), 2602-2604. Abstract.
Hui JHL, Hayward A, Bendena WG, Takahashi T, Tobe SS (2010). Evolution and functional divergence of enzymes involved in sesquiterpenoid hormone biosynthesis in crustaceans and insects. Peptides, 31(3), 451-455.
Ács Z, Challis RJ, Bihari P, Blaxter M, Hayward A, Melika G, Csóka G, Pénzes Z, Pujade-Villar J, Nieves-Aldrey J-L, et al (2010). Phylogeny and DNA barcoding of inquiline oak gallwasps (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) of the Western Palaearctic. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 55(1), 210-225.
KATHIRITHAMBY J, HAYWARD A, MCMAHON DP, FERREIRA RS, ANDREAZZE R, ALMEIDA ANDRADE HTD, FRESNEAU D (2009). Conspecifics of a heterotrophic heteronomous species of Strepsiptera (Insecta) are matched by molecular characterization. Systematic Entomology, 35(2), 234-242.
McMahon DP, Hayward A, Kathirithamby J (2009). The mitochondrial genome of the 'twisted-wing parasite' Mengenilla australiensis (Insecta, Strepsiptera): a comparative study. BMC Genomics, 10(1), 603-603.
STONE GN, ATKINSON RJ, ROKAS A, ALDREY JN, MELIKA G, Ács ZOLTAN, CSÓKA G, HAYWARD A, BAILEY R, BUCKEE C, et al (2007). Evidence for widespread cryptic sexual generations in apparently purely asexual <i>Andricus </i>gallwasps. Molecular Ecology, 17(2), 652-665. Abstract.
STONE GN, CHALLIS RJ, ATKINSON RJ, CSÓKA G, HAYWARD A, MELIKA G, MUTUN S, PREUSS S, ROKAS A, SADEGHI E, et al (2007). The phylogeographical clade trade: tracing the impact of human‐mediated dispersal on the colonization of northern Europe by the oak gallwasp <i>Andricus kollari</i>. Molecular Ecology, 16(13), 2768-2781. Abstract.
HAYWARD A, STONE GN (2005). Comparative phylogeography across two trophic levels: the oak gall wasp <i>Andricus kollari</i> and its chalcid parasitoid <i>Megastigmus stigmatizans</i>. Molecular Ecology, 15(2), 479-489. Abstract.
Hayward A, Stone GN (2005). Oak gall wasp communities: Evolution and ecology. Basic and Applied Ecology, 6(5), 435-443.

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Supervision / Group

Postgraduate researchers

  • Toby Baril
  • Ryan Biscocho
  • James Galbraith
  • Rahul Jaitly
  • Alice Ryan

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Office Hours:

Friday 2pm-4pm

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